Movember ends with a brief insight on testicular cancer. This concludes a month dedicated on the health wellbeing of men. Activities on No Shave Challenges and other campaigns all celebrated the MOVEMBER movement. In this month we talked about prostate cancer, mental health and suicide issues.
Today we are talking about testicular cancer: presentation, treatment and prognosis.
Testicular cancer refers to abnormal cell growth on the testes. The testes are male reproductive organs that are located under the penis in a long skin bag “scrotum”. The testes produce male sex hormones and sperms. Testicular cancer is a rare cancer and affects men mainly between 15 and 35 years old.
There are two types:
There are many risk factors, although sometimes it is idiopathic. Below are listed a few known risk factors:
The above risk factors give only an orientation. At the moment the definite causes are still unknown. But early diagnosis is important to give a good prognosis. This cancer is curable with over 95% success rate.
The feeling of heaviness, visible swelling and palpable mass on the testes are common signs. Other signs and symptoms do include: back pain, abdominal dull aches, testicle discomfort and sudden fluid collection in scrotum. It is therefore important to see a doctor when noticing any of the mentioned signs.
Routine check up is recommended as there is currently no known prevention. Regular self-examination is helpful as well.
Here’s how to do it:
Treatment options are many including the surgical removal, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Movember is almost finished. We hope you found our past blog posts helpful. Prevention and regular check ups are vital. Speak to your medical doctor about what is recommended for your age group.